When a physical altercation between two individuals results in injury, someone is likely to be arrested if police are called to the scene. However, not everyone charged with assault is guilty, and determination of whether an act was an assault requires consideration of a variety of factors.
The Ignition Interlock Program is only one of the tools Ontario is using to combat impaired driving in the province. Essentially, an ignition interlock device is a small electronic machine that is installed near the driver's seat and is wired into your vehicle's system.
The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms specifically addresses the rights of individuals who have been detained by police or charged with a crime. If the police detain or arrest you, then you have a right to be told the reason why. The charter also states that everyone "has a right to be secure against unreasonable search or seizure."
Deception may not be their intention, but witnesses in criminal cases are not always reliable. As time passes, memory fades or becomes a distortion of the actual event, and often people develop inaccurate reconstructions that could potentially lead to the conviction of the accused. Witnesses may also be susceptible to undue influence from police officers and prosecutors, and cross-examination by a criminal defence lawyer is needed to arrive at the facts of the matter.
Because allegations of sexual offences involving minors evoke such strong public reaction, and because the penalties for such crimes are extremely serious, anyone accused of a child sex offence should have legal representation the moment it becomes apparent that an investigation could happen. Not everyone accused of a child sex offence is guilty, and in any case, the prosecution will tell its side of the story. Every defendant has a right to tell his or hers.
Some criminal charges result in mandatory minimum sentences upon conviction. For example, a person accused of Internet luring, which usually involves use of the Internet to solicit sexual acts or favors from a minor, can face a mandatory minimum jail sentence of one year.
Recently we discussed a new method of risk assessment being used by Ontario police officers investigating domestic violence calls. The officers use 13 questions to determine whether the person accused of domestic violence is likely to re-offend, and depending on the factors in the case, the assessment could be used in court to oppose bail for the accused.
Individuals accused of domestic violence in Ontario often encounter obstacles to being released on bail. This can limit not only an accused individual's ability to move about freely while mounting a criminal defence; the terms of release on bail can also affect matters of child custody and access, as well as the accused person's right to return to the home where the domestic incident allegedly occurred.